Information courtesy of Dr S.L. Koe, Paediatrician & Lactation Consultant. Tel. no. : 03-798 30539)
What to do when your child has high fever, fits, cough and cold and watery stools
These are signs of common childhood illnesses that are not harmful to the child if properly taken care of.
High fever >38.5C for children more than 3 months of age
Fever is usually caused by a viral infection in a child. It is a sign that your child is fighting an illness. Check the temperature and give syrup paracetamol, or paracetamol suppositories through the anus. Sponge the child 2-3 times (even at night) when the temperature is >38.5C as follows:
(graphic can be found here)
The child may shiver during sponging, but this stops when the temperature is down. After 10 minutes, dry and dress the child in loose clothes and place child under fan for half an hour. The fever will settle. Monitor the child to see if he is drinking, eating and playing well inspite of the fever. Give extra fluids and make sure he passes urine as usual.
Symptoms to be worried about are as follows:
* Unusually hot or cold body
* Fits, drowsy or unusually quiet or lethargic, hard to wake, or floppy
* Rapid, breathing difficulty, grunting, coarse, hacking cough, wheezing
* Frequent vomitting and loose stools
* Keeps refusing foods and drinks
* Cries for a long time or screams intermittently
* Earache or child pulls ear
Call your Doctor or take the child to the nearest hospital
For babies younger than 3 months of age, with high fever:
Give syrup paracetamol, sponge, and seek medical help immediately.